In cooperation with ten of their associate enterprises, the Environment Industries Cluster Association of the Basque Country, AclimA, have put forward four R+D+i projects, subsidised within the framework of the National Plan for Scientific Research, Development and Technological Innovation 2004-2007, an initiative of the Ministry of the Environment.
A total of more than 50 technologists from ACLIMA – from enterprises associated with the Cluster (AIRg, CIMAS, FACTOR C02, GAIKER, IDOM, INASMET, LABEIN, SADER and the Universoity of the Basque Country-UPV/EHU) -, will provide their specialisations and experience in the various fields of environmental research for each one of the projects.
The projects presented are aimed at studying and analysing environmental problems of great current interest. They are:
1. The design and construction of a pilot system for the treatment of contaminated sediment material dredged from the bottom of the river Nervión-Ibaizabal (ACLIMA, IDOM and SADER), GAIKER taking part as a sub-contract of ACLIMA. The budget is 1,520,497 euros over a period of 2½ years. The main goal is to design and build a pilot system for the treatment of dredged sediment material, from which an extensive treatment of dredged sediment will be developed, both for maritime traffic and for environmental reasons.
2. Determination of emission factors of primary and secondary aerosols in large combustion installations (ACLIMA, UPV/EHU, LABEIN-TECNALIA FOUNDATION, IDOM, MAS ABOGADOS and AIRg). The budget is 553,682 euros over a period of 3 years. The goal of the project is the determination, using state-of-the-art instruments, techniques and methodology, of emission factors of primary aerosols and precursors of secondary aerosols (PM10, PM2,5 y NOx) in large combustion installations (combined cycle power stations and petroleum refinery combustion installations). The relations that exist between emissions and operating conditions will be established, in order to better evaluate the techniques and procedures of emission control, this within the framework of the European strategy for primary aerosols and precursors of secondary aerosols.
3. The emissions-free City: local government tools and pilot experiments (ACLIMA, FACTOR CO2 and CIMAS INNOVATION & ENVIRONMENT). The budget is 582,312 euros over a period of 2 years. The goal of the project is the creation of evaluation tools that foment non-intensive plans of action for Greenhouse Effect and Gas Emissions (GEGE), thus contributing to the control of national-level emissions in order to comply with the targets established by the Kyoto Protocol and by the European Union for the Spanish State. At the same time, the use of these tools will be encouraged through pilot experiments and both financial and non-financial instruments will be drawn up to promote the replicability of the local government non-intensive actions and plans for GEGE emissions in the 4 sectors referred to.
4. Risks and opportunities of nanotechnologies for the environment (ACLIMA and INASMET-TECNALIA). The budget is 179,485 euros over a period of one year. The goal of the project is to identify the opportunities and risks for the environment by advances in nanotechnological research and for enterprises active in the sector. This will be based on an exhaustive evaluation on the waste of the rapid introduction of nanotechnology products into the markets. What is sought is a clear picture of the possible positive and negative environmental impacts, the estimated time period for the introduction of the technology, as well as the perspectives for norms which will probably arise within the remit of the REACH Regulation of the European Union, one of the basic principles of which is precaution.
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